Understanding how children’s cognitive development intersects with sociodemographic factors to impact health & wellbeing and educational outcomes within a large prospective birth cohort study

Understanding how children’s cognitive development intersects with sociodemographic factors to impact health & wellbeing and educational outcomes within a large prospective birth cohort study

Born in Bradford (BiB) is a study that follows a cohort of children in Bradford from birth, aiming to understand the health, wellbeing and developmental outcomes across childhood and adolescence. The City of Bradford has a population of over half a million, and is the 7th most populous district in England1. Like much of the north of England, the city has faced economic and social challenges since deindustrialisation during the 1970s and 80s. Bradford shows considerable economic inequality, with more than 40% of the city being among the most deprived within the UK, while 10% of the city is amongst the least deprived2. Therefore, the overall aim of BiB is to work with the local authority, health, education, and voluntary sectors to provide a range of services to help to improve the wellbeing and health of the population3.

Between 2007 and 2011, 12,500 pregnant women were recruited to take part in BiB. The lives of the resulting 14,000 children and their families have been surveyed by researchers at regular intervals. This includes two large data sweeps, first when the children had just started school4, and second when the children were aged between 7 and 10 years5. BiB offers a unique opportunity to examine the effects of different social, economic, and ethnic backgrounds as children progress through primary school.

BiB also is excellently placed to assess the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the development of children, including their education, over the last two years. Our work aims to understand the interaction between sociodemographic factors and cognitive and sensorimotor developments, including the impact of remote learning during the pandemic.

Project Team

Dr Matthew Walker, LIDA, University of Leeds, Data Scientist

Prof Amanda Waterman, School of Psychology, University of Leeds

Sam Relins, Bradford Institute for Health Research, Research Fellow

 

https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/datasets/populationestimatesforukenglandandwalesscotlandandnorthernireland

https://web.archive.org/web/20090824071641/http://www.statistics.gov.uk/articles/RegionalTrends/RT41-Article3.pdf

https://borninbradford.nhs.uk/

Shire K, Andrews E, Barber S, Bruce, A, Corkett, J, Hill, L B J, Kelly, B, McEachan, R, Mon-Williams, M, Tracey, L, Waterman, A H, Wright, J (2020). Starting School: a large-scale start of school assessment within the ‘Born in Bradford’ longitudinal cohort [version 1; peer review: awaiting peer review] Wellcome Open Research, 5:47. https://doi.org.10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15610.1

Hill LJ, Shire KA, Allen RJ et al. Large-scale assessment of 7-11-year-olds’ cognitive and sensorimotor function within the Born in Bradford longitudinal birth cohort study [version 2; peer review: 1 approved, 1 approved with reservations]. Wellcome Open Res 2022, 6:53 (https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16429.2